Population fluctuation of sharpshooters vectors of Xylella fastidiosa wells et al. in commercial citrus groves in Northwestern Parand State
The citrus variegated chlorosis (CVC), an important disease of citrus in Brazil, is caused by the bacterium Xylella fastidiosa Wells et al. and transmitted by xylem-feeding sharpshooters (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae). This study evaluated the fluctuation of populations of species of sharpshooters belonging to the tribes Cicadellini and Proconiini, from subfamily Cicadelinae, in a commercial sweet orange [Citrus sinensis (L.) Osb.] grove, located in the Northwest Region of Parana State, Brazil, in four varieties: Valencia, Natal, Pera, and Folha Murcha. Sharpshooters population was monitored using yellow stick traps sampled at 15 day-intervals, in 24 traps, from November of 1999 to March of 2004. The most abundant species were Dilobopterus costalimai Young (tribe Cicadellini) and Acrogonia citrina Marucci & Cavichioli (tribe Proconiini). Both species were detected during the complete period studied, which is important because they have great potential for transmitting CVC. Thus, since more than a sharpshooter species were detected, more efforts are recommended to monitor and control these insects in citrus groves, aiming to reduce the dissemination of CVC.