Cloning, expression, and purification of the virulence-associated protein D from Xylella fastidiosa
in this study, an efficient expression system, based on the pET32Xa/LIC vector, for producing a Xylella fastidiosa virulence-associated protein D, found to have a strong similarity to Riemerella anatipestifer and Actinobacillus actinomycetencomitans VapD protein, is presented. The protein has a molecular mass of 17.637 Da and a calculated pI of 5.49. The selected XFa0052 gene was cloned in the pET32Xa/LIC vector and the plasmid was transformed into Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) strain at 37degreesC. with an induction time of 2 h and 1 mM IPTG concentration. The protein present in the soluble fraction was purified by immobilized metal affinity chromatography (IMAC), and had its identity determined by mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF) and N-terminal sequencing. The purified protein was found as a single band on SDS-PAGE and its correct folding was verified by circular dichroism spectroscopy. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.