Whole-genome analysis of transporters in the plant pathogen Xylella fastidiosa
The transport systems of the first completely sequenced genome of a plant parasite, Xylella fastidiosa, were analyzed. In all, 209 proteins were classified here as constitutive members of transport families; thus, we have identified 69 new transporters in addition to the 140 previously annotated. The analysis lead to several hints on potential ways of controlling the disease it causes on citrus trees. An ADP:ATP translocator, previously found in intracellular parasites only, was found in X. fastidiosa. A P-type ATPase is missing-among the 24 completely sequenced cubacteria to date, only three (including X fastidiosa) do not have a P-type ATPase, and they, are all parasites transmitted by insect vectors. An incomplete phosphotransferase system (PTS) was found, without the permease subunits-we conjecture either that they are among the hypothetical proteins or that the PTS plays a solely metabolic regulatory role. We propose that the Ttg2 ABC system might be an import system eventually involved in glutamate import rather than a toluene exporter, as previously, annotated. X fastidiosa exhibits fewer proteins with; :4 a-helical transmembrane spanners than any, other completely sequenced prokaryote to date. X. fastidiosa has only, 2.7% of all open reading frames identifiable as major transporters, which puts it as the eubacterium having the lowest percentage of open reading frames involved in transport, closer to two archaea, Methanococcus jannaschii (2.4%) and Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum (2.4%).