The potential adventive geographic range of glassy-winged sharpshooter, Homalodisca coagulata and the grape pathogen Xylella fastidiosa: implications for California and other grape growing regions of the world

Text - scientific article/review article


Hoddle, MS


The invasion risk posed by the xylem feeding hemipteran, Homalodisca coagulata (native to the southeast USA and northeast Mexico, and a recent invader of California (USA) and Tahiti) and a xylem-dwelling phytopathogenic bacterium, Xylella fastidiosa (native to the Americas and causative agent of Pierce's disease of grape vines), was examined using the computer climate modeling program CLIMEX. Model predictions indicated that suitable climatic conditions for H. coagulata and Pierce's disease causing strains of X. fastidiosa exist in almost all grape production areas of the world, and H. coagulata may be able to colonize areas unsuitable for X. fastidiosa. Additionally, the model indicated that regions north of California will be unable to sustain populations of both pests because of cold stress, and that irrigation of agricultural and urban areas in California's deserts has removed dry stress limitations, which when combined with a depauperate natural enemy fauna most likely facilitated successful invasion by H. coagulata. CLIMEX predicted that cold stress accumulation would exclude Pierce's disease causing strains of X. fastidiosa from France and northern and central grape producing areas of Spain and Italy. This result is incongruous with Pierce's disease reports from Kosovo in the Balkans and may suggest that cold-tolerant strains of X fastidiosa that cause Pierce's disease exist which could exhibit invasion potential and establish in areas of Europe contrary to results reported here. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


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  • Xylella fastidiosa