Proteomic analysis of grapevine stem in response to Xylella fastidiosa inoculation

Text - scientific article/review article


Xylella fastidiosa (Xf) is the bacterial causal agent of Pierce's disease (PD) as well as other economically important diseases in a number of agronomic, horticultural and ornamental plants. The objective of this research was to tentatively identify proteins that are differentially expressed in grapevines and involved in disease development or defense responses to Xf-inoculation. We comparatively analyzed proteins differentially expressed in Xf-inoculated grape stems using a pair of siblings of 9621-67 (highly susceptible) and 9621-94 (highly resistant) from a cross of Vitis rupestris x Vitis arizonica. Total proteins were extracted from the stems of uninoculated controls and Xf-inoculated plants at 1, 6, and 12 weeks after inoculation, separated by a 2D-PAGE system, and spots representing differentially expressed proteins were analyzed and tentatively identified using LC/MS/MS. Protein identification was performed using BLASTp and tBLASTn against NCBI non-redundant protein databases and EST databases, respectively. Ten tentatively identified proteins were differentially expressed at different time points after inoculation. A thaumatin-like protein and the pathogenesis-related protein 10 from both genotypes, and the 40S ribosomal protein S25 from the susceptible genotype were up-regulated in response to Xf-inoculation. Furthermore, the expression of the thaumatin-like protein increased sharply 12 weeks post-inoculation in the PD-resistant genotype only. Three heat shock proteins, 17.9 kDa class II, protein 18 and 21 were highly expressed in healthy tissues compared with those in tissues infected with Xf, and heat shock protein 21 was not detectable in the Xf-inoculated PD-susceptible genotype. In addition, a down-regulated putative ripening related protein was found in the Xf-inoculated PD-susceptible genotype. Glycoprotein and formate dehydrogenase were identified in the PD-resistant genotype and their expression was constant during plant development. A putative GTP-binding protein was down-regulated in the PD-susceptible genotype. Our results revealed that differential expression of proteins in response to Xf-inoculation was genotype and tissue development stage dependent. The specific roles of these candidate proteins in alleviation or aggravation of this disease are under investigation. The information obtained in this study will aid in the understanding of the mechanisms related to the host-pathogen interactions involved in PD. Published by Elsevier Ltd.


no licence specified -


  • Xylella fastidiosa