A genomic approach to the understanding of Xylella fastidiosa pathogenicity
Xylella fastidiosa is a fastidious, xylem-limited bacterium that causes several economically important plant diseases, including citrus variegated chlorosis (CVC). X. fastidiosa is the first plant pathogen to have its genome completely sequenced. In addition, it is probably the least previously studied of any organism for which the complete genome sequence is available. Several pathogenicity-related genes have been identified in the X. fastidiosa genome by similarity with other bacterial genes involved in pathogenesis in plants, as well as in animals, The X. fastidiosa genome encodes different classes of proteins directly or indirectly involved in cell-cell interactions, degradation of plant cell walls, iron homeostasis, antioxidant responses, synthesis of toxins, and regulation of pathogenicity. Neither genes encoding members of the type III protein secretion system nor avirulence-like genes have been identified in X. fastidiosa.