Hemipteran diversity (Cicadellidae and Clastopteridae) in three coffee production zones affected by Xylella fastidiosa (Wells et al.) in Costa Rica
A survey was conducted during 2002, 2003 and 2004 to determine the leafhopper species composition, abundance, richness, diversity, evenness, occurrence and flight activity among three coffee production zones of Costa Rica. Yellow sticky traps were used to qualify and quantify the number of aerial leafhoppers during the sampling period. A total of 82,500 individuals, belonging to 139 species within nine leafhopper subfamilies, were trapped. San Isidro de Leon Cortes site presented the highest diversity from the three surveyed sites. Twenty five species were frequently trapped at least in one of the Studied zones, and only Coelidiana sp. 1, Osbornellus sp. 1, Scaphytopius sp. 1 and Empoasca sp. were trapped throughout the sampling period. The flight activity of the taxa that contain the main vectors of Xylella fastidiosa Wells et al. showed differences among the sampling zones.