Nonlinear models for describing the Citrus Variegated Chlorosis in groves of two counties at northwestern Parana state, Brazil

Text - scientific article/review article


In Brazil, the production of sweet oranges has been threatened by the Citrus Variegated Chlorosis (CVC) incited by the gram-negative bacterium Xylella fastidiosa (Wells). Commercial citrus groves in two counties at the Northwestern Parana state were evaluated to estimate the disease progression by using parameterizations of nonlinear models. Groves of Citrus sinensis Osbeck, variety "Pera", "Valencia", "Natal" and "Folha Murcha" had all the plants evaluated for the presence of disease symptoms. Thereafter, different parameterizations of the Logistic and Gompertz models were fitted to these data. The goodness of fit was evaluated by the intrinsic (IN) and parameter-effects (PE) curvatures of Bates and Watts, the bias of Box and the Hougaard measures of skewness. In Loanda, the best model was the Fermi-Dirac, and in Nova Esperanca the data were best fitted to the parameterization L(5), which is also a parameterization from the Logistic model.


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  • Xylella fastidiosa